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12 November 2006

The sponsor of our project

The Council of Europe is our sponsor with the programme "European Year of Citizenship through Education"


About the Council of Europe



Origins and membership

The Council of Europe is the continent's oldest political organisation, founded in 1949. It:
• groups together 46 countries, including 21 countries from Central and Eastern Europe,
• has application from two more countries (Belarus and Montenegro),
• has granted observer status to 5 more countries (the Holy See, the United States, Canada, Japan and Mexico),
• is distinct from the 25-nation European Union, but no country has ever joined the Union without first belonging to the Council of Europe,
• has its headquarters in Strasbourg, in north-eastern France.

«The aim of the Council of Europe is to achieve a greater unity between its members...»

Article 1 - Statute of the Council of Europe


The Council was set up to:
• defend human rights, parliamentary democracy and the rule of law,
• develop continent-wide agreements to standardise member countries' social and legal practices,
• promote awareness of a European identity based on shared values and cutting across different cultures.

Since 1989, its main job has become:
• acting as a political anchor and human rights watchdog for Europe's post-communist democracies,
• assisting the countries of central and eastern Europe in carrying out and consolidating political, legal and constitutional reform in parallel with economic reform,
• providing know-how in areas such as human rights, local democracy, education, culture and the environment.


Political aims

The Council of Europe's Vienna Summit in October 1993 set out new political aims. The Heads of State and Government cast the Council of Europe as the guardian of democratic security - founded on human rights, democracy and the rule of law. Democratic security is an essential complement to military security, and is a pre-requisite for the continent's stability and peace.

During the Second Summit in Strasbourg in October 1997, the Heads of State and Government adopted an action plan to strengthen the Council of Europe's work in four areas: democracy and human rights, social cohesion, the security of citizens and democratic values and cultural diversity.

The Council of Europe's third Summit of Heads of State and Government, held in Warsaw on 16 and 17 May 2005, concluded by adopting a political declaration and an action plan laying down the principal tasks of the Council of Europe in the coming years:
- promoting the common fundamental values of human rights, the rule of law and democracy;
- strengthening the security of European citizens, in particular by combating terrorism, organised crime and trafficking in human beings;
- fostering co-operation with other international and European organisations.

Today, the Organisation continues to grow while at the same time increasing its monitoring to ensure that all its members respect the obligations and commitments they entered into when they joined.


How it works

The main component parts of the Council of Europe are:
• the Committee of Ministers, composed of the 46 Foreign ministers or their Strasbourg-based deputies (ambassadors/permanent representatives), which is the Organisation's decision-making body.
• the Parliamentary Assembly, grouping 630 members (315 representatives and 315 substitutes) from the 46 national parliaments. The current President is René van der Linden (the Netherlands, EPP/CD).
• the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities, composed of a Chamber of Local Authorities and a Chamber of Regions. Its current President is Halvdan Skard (Norway, SOC)
• the 1800-strong secretariat headed since September 2004 by Secretary General Terry Davis (United Kingdom, SOC), former Vice-President of the Parliamentary Assembly and former President of the Socialist Group of the Assembly.


Ordinary budget

In 2006, 190 148 800 euros.


Some practical achievements

• 200 legally binding European treaties or conventions many of which are open to non-member states on topics ranging from human rights to the fight against organised crime and from the prevention of torture to data protection or cultural co-operation.
• Recommendations to governments setting out policy guidelines on such issues as legal matters, health, education, culture and sport.


The pan-European dimension

Since November 1990, the accession of 21 countries of central and eastern Europe has given the Council of Europe a genuine pan-European dimension, so that it is now the organisation that represents Greater Europe.



Source: http://www.coe.int 

The sponsor of our project


Gérard Chaliand

Writer and geostrategist


Adviser near the Center of Analysis and Forecast - Ministry for Foreign Affairs



Gerard Chaliand passed more than twenty years in some 75 countries of Africa, Asia and America, from where it drew a series from investigations and tests. Man of ground above all, it was with the meeting of several national liberation movements:  Algerian, Vietnamese, Palestinian or Afghan, to apprehend their fight of the interior.




- Graduate of the national Institute of the languages and Eastern civilizations.
- Doctorate of third cycle, university Paris V, Sorbonne, Paris.
- Between 1980-1989: Lecturer to the ENA.

- Between 1993 and 1999 teacher at the Higher school of War, Paris.
- 1997-2000:
Director of the centre European of studies of the conflicts, Foundation for the studies of Defence.

- Since 1984: adviser near the centre of analysis and forecast of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs.

Bibliographie :


Gerard Chaliand wrote many articles in the national and international reviews.


He is the author of more than 35 works, of which:


- Puissances et influences, annuaire géopolitique et géostratégique(Powers and influences, geopolitical and geostrategic directory), co-dirigé avec A. Blin et F Géré, Paris, éd. Mille et une nuits, 2000
-  Anthologie mondiale de la stratégie. Des origines au nucléaire (
World anthology of the strategy. Origins with the nuclear power), Laffont, 2001
-  L’Arme du terrorisme (
The Weapon of terrorism), Audibert, 2002
America is back : les nouveaux césars du Pentagone (America is back: new the césars of the Pentagon), avec Arnaud Blin, Bayard, 2003
- Mémoire de ma mémoire (
Memory of my memory), Julliard, 2003

- De l’Esprit d’aventure (Spirit of adventure), avec Patrice Franceschi et Jean-Claude Guilbert, Arthaud, 2003



The sponsor of our project


Franceschi Patrice

Writer, scenario writer, adventurer and explorer



President of the Company of the French Explorers, large medal of the exploration of the Company of Geography. For 25 years, it has multiplied forwarding throughout the World (Pygmies of Africa, Indians of Amazonian, Papous of New Guinea etc.) and of many humane missions in the zones of war (Afghanistan, Bosnia, Somalia, Kurdistan etc), it is one of the founders of ONG "solidarity". Untiring adventurer, it made a success of the first turn of the world into extra-light motorized (U.L.M).

He is currently Captain of the ship of exploration "the sulky person" and produces a turn of the World devoted to the "people of water" (website: http://www.la-boudeuse.org).

Patrice Franceschi is also Member of the central Commission of the Company of geography, like member of the team of research "contemporary rationality" in the Sorbonne.




Bibliography :

Patrice Franceschi is the author of about fifteen works, accounts, novels, tests of which:


- Chasseur d'horizons (Hunter of horizons), Filipacchi (1991)

- Quelque chose qui prend les hommes (Something which takes the men), Robert Laffont (1993)

- Tout l'or du fleuve (All the gold of the river), Ramsay, (1997)

- De l’esprit d’aventure (Spirit of adventure), Arthaud, (2003), coécrit avec Gérard Chaliand et Guilbert J-C


Cinématography :


He is also the realizer of a score of films, documentary, of which:


- La folle équipée (Mad expedition), Interscoop-Adidas, Garcin (1987)
Les 33 Sakuddeï - France 2 / Télé Images / Voyage (2001)
Sur la piste de Wallace (On the track of Wallace) - France 2 / Télé Images / Voyage (2001)
Les mystères de la Sungaï Baï (Mysteries of Sungaï Baï) - France 2 / Télé Images / Voyage (2001)
Au-dessus des volcans (Above the volcanos) - France 2 / Télé Images / Voyage (2001)


The sponsor of our project





Born on May 13, 1957 in Creusot

Married, 1 child



Doctor, rheumatologist, specialist in aeronautical medicine,    

Docteure ès-sciences, option Neurosciences,       

Member of the Academy of Technologies.



Within the private clinic of rheumatology of the service of readjustment from the Cochin hospital in Paris, Claudie Haigneré carries on during eight years a medical activity. During six years, at the laboratory of neurosensory physiology of CNRS in Paris, it prepares scientific experiments in the field of human physiology and carries out research on the adaptation of the sensorimotor systems in microgravity.

From 1990 to 1992, person in charge for the programmes of physiology and space medicine to Division life sciences of the CNES in Paris, Claudie Haigneré takes part in the orientations of space research in this field in close cooperation with the French and international laboratories. It ensures, of 1989 to 1992, the scientific coordination of Franco-Russian mission ANTARES for the experiments of the life sciences.

August 17, 1996, Claudie Haigneré begins a 16 days flight on board orbiting station Russian MIR within the framework of Franco-Russian mission CASSIOPEE and carries out many médico-physiological, technical and biological experiments.

In May 1998, it joined the City of Stars as temporary astronaut for the Franco-Russian mission PERSEUS which begins in February 1999 on board MIR. It follows a complete training of engineer of edge of the station and cosmonaut rescuer of Soyuz vessel.

In November 1999, it is integrated into the space Agency European and joined the body of the European Astronauts in Cologne in Germany.

In January 2001, it again joined the City of Stars for a 9 months drive for mission ANDROMEDE. First French astronaut to fly on board International Space Station (ISS), Claudie Haigneré, engineer of edge n°1, carries out an experimental program in the fields of the observation of the Earth, of the study of the ionosphere, the life sciences as well as sciences of the matter.

In 2002, it is named Minister delegated to Research and New Technologies.

In 2004, it is named Minister delegated to the European Businesses.

Officer of the Legion of Honour, Knight in the National order of merit, Claudie Haigneré is decorated with the Russian Order of the Friendship of the People. 



19 October 2006

Le Conseil de l'Europe, parrain de notre projet



Le Conseil de l'Europe est le parrain de notre projet dans le cadre du programme "2005, année européenne de la citoyenneté par l'éducation"




A propos du Conseil de l'Europe




Origine et composition

Le Conseil de l'Europe, la plus ancienne (1949) organisation politique du continent:
• regroupe 46 pays dont 21 Etats de l'Europe centrale et orientale, a reçu la candidature de deux autres pays (Bélarus et Monténégro), et a accordé le statut d'observateur à 5 autres Etats (Saint-Siège, Etats-Unis, Canada, Japon et Mexique)
• est distinct de l'Union européenne des "25", mais jamais aucun pays n'a adhéré à l'Union sans appartenir d'abord au Conseil de l'Europe,
• a son siège à Strasbourg (France).



Le Conseil de l'Europe a été créé afin:
• de défendre les droits de l'homme et la démocratie parlementaire et d'assurer la primauté du Droit,
• de conclure des accords à l'échelle du continent pour harmoniser les pratiques sociales et juridiques des Etats membres,
• de favoriser la prise de conscience de l'identité européenne fondée sur des valeurs partagées et transcendant les différences de culture.

A partir de 1989, il a pour mission particulière:

  ''Le but du Conseil de l'Europe est de réaliser une union plus étroite entre ses membres...''

Art. 1er - Statut du Conseil de l'Europe

• d'être un point d'ancrage politique et le gardien des droits de l'homme pour les démocraties post-communistes de l'Europe,
• d'aider les pays d'Europe centrale et orientale à mettre en oeuvre et à consolider les réformes politiques, législatives et constitutionnelles parallèlement aux réformes économiques,
• de fournir un savoir-faire dans des domaines tels que les droits de l'homme, la démocratie locale, l'éducation, la culture, l'environnement.


Mandat politique

Le nouveau mandat politique de l'Organisation a été défini lors du Sommet du Conseil de l'Europe à Vienne en octobre 1993. Les Chefs d'Etat et de Gouvernement ont décidé que le Conseil de l'Europe serait le gardien de la sécurité démocratique fondée sur les droits de l'homme, la démocratie et l'Etat de droit. La sécurité démocratique est un complément essentiel de la sécurité militaire, car elle est la condition de la stabilité et de la paix sur le continent.

Lors du Sommet de Strasbourg, en octobre 1997, les Chefs d'Etat et de Gouvernement ont adopté un plan d'action pour renforcer le travail du Conseil de l'Europe dans quatre domaines: démocratie et droits de l'homme, cohésion sociale, sécurité des citoyens, et valeurs démocratiques et diversité culturelle.

Le Troisième Sommet des Chefs d'Etat et de Gouvernement du Conseil de l'Europe, qui s'est tenu à Varsovie les 16 et 17 mai 2005, s'est conclu par l'adoption d'une Déclaration politique et d'un Plan d'action fixant les tâches principales de l'Organisation pour les années à venir :
- promouvoir les valeurs fondamentales communes telles que les Droits de l'homme, l'Etat de droit et la démocratie
- renforcer la sécurité des européens en combattant notamment le terrorisme, le crime organisé et la traite des êtres humains
- développer la coopération avec les autres organisations internationales et européennes

Aujourd'hui, l'Organisation poursuit son élargissement tout en renforçant le contrôle du respect, par tous les Etats membres, des obligations et des engagements acceptés lors de leur adhésion.


Mode de fonctionnement

Le Conseil de l'Europe a pour principaux organes:
• un Comité des Ministres composé des 46 Ministres des Affaires étrangères ou de leurs Délégués siégeant à Strasbourg (Ambassadeurs/Représentants Permanents), organe de décision de l'Organisation,
• une Assemblée parlementaire regroupant 630 membres (315 titulaires et 315 suppléants) issus des 46 parlements nationaux. Le Président en exercice est René van der Linden (Pays-Bas, PPE/DC),
• un Congrès des pouvoirs locaux et régionaux composé d'une Chambre des pouvoirs locaux et d'une Chambre des régions. Le Congrès est présidé par Halvdan Skard (Norvège, SOC)
• un Secrétariat Général composé de quelque 1800 fonctionnaires et dirigé depuis septembre 2004 par le Secrétaire Général Terry Davis (Royaume-Uni, SOC), ancien vice-Président de l'Assemblée parlementaire et ancien Président du groupe socialiste à l'Assemblée.


Budget ordinaire

190.148.800 euros pour 2006.


Réalisations concrètes

• 200 conventions ou traités européens ayant force de loi et dont beaucoup sont ouverts aux Etats non membres, sur des questions allant des droits de l'homme à la lutte contre le crime organisé et de la prévention de la torture à la protection des données ou à la coopération culturelle.
• Des recommandations aux gouvernements définissant des principes directeurs en matière de droit, de santé, de médias, d'éducation, de culture, de sport.


Dimension paneuropéenne

L’adhésion depuis novembre 1990, de 21 pays d'Europe centrale et orientale, a permis au Conseil de l’Europe d’acquérir une véritable dimension paneuropéenne et de devenir ainsi l’Organisation de la Grande Europe.


Sources: site web du Conseil de l'Europe (http://www.coe.int)

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